President Estrada’s Impeachment And The People Power Ii

According to the Philippine Constitution An impeachment is a constitutional process which can remove a government leader such as President, Vice-president, and the Chief of Justice of the Supreme Court before the end of their terms.

The people who held highest government position of the country can be removed in their position if they had committed the following acts:

  • Violated the constitution
  • Betrayal of public trust
  • Bribery
  • Cheating
  • Treason
  • Corruption
  • And other serious crimes

President Joseph Estrada was facing the impeachment trial because of the complaint filed by Governor Chavit Singson. He was accused of receiving millions of pesos from the illegal gambling called “jueteng”. Several complaints was added to this such as cheating, betrayal of public trust, plunder or embezzlement of the country’s money. The Impeachment complaint was presented to the House of Congress and was endorsed and raised to the Senate. 

A trial

was help for the impeachment case against President Estrada. But the process and outcome of the trial was not dreadful because majority of the impeachment judges (Senators) did not allow the opening of the “second envelop”.  The second envelop is believed to contain the evidence that proves that President Estrada expropriated a large amount of money which is believed to be more than 3 billion pesos. Some important papers was also included in the second envelop which contains large amount of bank deposits to various banks which was supposedly named after Estrada’s aliases. It was said that these money came from the bribery and from jueteng.

The People Power II

The succeeding events were fast and unforeseen after the impeachment proceedings that happen on Tuesday evening of January 15, 2001. Because the second envelop was not permitted to be open by the 11 Senators (who acts as the impeachment judges and believed to be on Estrada’s side (the second envelop believed to contain the evidence against Estrada), the whole Filipino citizen again united for the second time and marched to EDSA.

The move was very fast because they had made this happen through mobile phones and texting.

The Filipinos again gathers in EDSA to air their resistance against the cover-up being made to Estrada’s defence.  They opposed the way the judges acted upon the result of the voting if the second envelop will be open or not. They believed that the second envelop with determine if Estrada will be guilty or acquitted on the impeachment trial.

Several groups of Filipinos from all walks of life again gathers at EDSA which is believed to reached more than 1 million individuals. They constituted the students, Filipino workers and private citizens. The rallies even become bigger on the next four days. Groups coming from different provinces pour to EDSA. While some of Estrada’s cabinet members resigned and joined the oppositions.

Because of this pressure, Estrada decided to leave his post as the President of the Philippines. Former President Joseph Estrada becomes the second president of the Philippines who was ejected from his post by means of a People Power revolution. The first one is former President Ferdinand Marcos.

Author’s note: Another compiling story and history of my motherland and its citizens.


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