On the night of July 3, 1892, Jose Rizal founded the La Liga Filipina in the house of Doroteo Ong-Juco which is located in Calle Ilaya in Tondo, Manila. The new group of Filipino Reformist were mainly belongs to the Filipino Middle Class and the Filipino Professionals. It is believed that Andres Bonifacio was also on that gathering and was only considered as an observer in the first and last meeting of the group.
According to its by-laws, the new Reformist Group, La Liga Filipina aims to:
- Unite the whole country to have a common goal
- To defend every Filipino citizen against the cruelty, injustice and harsh treatment from the Spaniards
- Protection for all Filipinos
- Improve the system of education, agriculture and commerce in the whole country, and
- To study and implement the reform needed for the government
The motto of La Liga Filipina is “Unus instar omnium” or “one like the others”. Its officials were composed of Ambrosio Salvador (president), Agustin dela Rosa (fiscal), Bonifacio Arellano (treasurer), and Deodato Arellano (secretary).
La Liga Filipina is a civic movement and also aims to create a Supreme Council for the whole country. A Provincial Council intended for each of the provinces and a Popular Council for each municipalities. All of the Filipinos who adhere and love their country can become a member of the movement.
But when the Spanish Government begun to suspect that the La Liga Filipina is a revolutionary group, they arrested Rizal on July 6 and was imprisoned in Fort Santiago. And on July 7,1892, Rizal was deported to Dapitan, Mindanao as per commanded by
The Reformists Movement in the country fail in their goal. It did not achieve the reform they wanted from the Spanish Government. Their own personal problem such as illness and money for their own needs had added to the overall needs and problem of the group. They was not able to sustain the funds needed for the printing and distribution of the La Solidaridad. Lopez Jaena died as well as Panganiban. There will to continue collapses when Rizal was deported to Dapitan, and many of them parted with each other because of the hostile attitude towards each other.
And when Marcelo H. Del Pilar died on 1896, they had lost their leadership. The peaceful way of reforming the country failed to achieve its goal.
Thus, a new revolutionary group continue the struggle that was left by the Reformists Movement, believing that the only way to achieve the true reform is thru the revolution and the use of arm conflict.
Author’s note: Another compiling story and history of my motherland and its citizens.